Eartha Kitt as Catwoman on the set of the Batman TV series, 1960s
“The Chagossians are the previous (and original) inhabitants of the Chagos Islands. The Chagossians resided in the islands of Diego Garcia, Peros Banhos, and the Salomon island chain, and had settled on other parts of the Chagos Archipelago, like Egmont Islands and Eagle Islands. Most of the Chagossians now live in Mauritius and The United Kingdom after being deported from their homeland by the British government in the late 1960s and early 1970s. This mass deportation was carried out so that Diego Garcia, the island where most Chagossians lived, could serve as the location for a military base shared between the UK and the United States. Today, there are no Chagossians that live on the island of Diego Garcia, as it is now the site of the military base Camp Justice.
The Chagossian people’s ancestry is mostly of African heritage, particularly coming from Madagascar, Mozambique and other African nations including Mauritius. There is also a significant proportion of Indian and Malay ancestry. The French brought some to the Chagos islands as slaves from Mauritius in 1786. Others arrived as fishermen, farmers, and coconut plantation workers during the 19th century. The Chagossians speak Chagossian Creole, a mix of Indigenous languages and French-based creole language.
In early April 2006, in an excursion organised and financed by the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, a group of around a hundred Chagossians were permitted to visit the British Indian Ocean Territory for the first time in over thirty years.
On 11 May 2006, the Chagossians won their case in the High Court of Justice, which found that they were entitled to return to the Chagos Archipelago. It remained to be seen how this judgment might be implemented in practice. However, in June 2006 the British government filed an appeal in the Court of Appeal against the High Court’s decision. ” - Wiki
*Photos by Graeme Robertson
Q&A with Afro-Peruvian activist, writer, poet, musician, human rights advocate, feminist and educator, Monica Carrillo.
Monica Carrillo, Founder and Director of LUNDÚ, speaks to Americas Quarterly about the Afro-descendant population in Peru and measures that her country is taking to promote social inclusion.
This is a great English interview concerning African Diaspora in Peru and Latin America, discrimination, gender equality, women’s rights, and general Afro-Peruvian and Afro-Latino issues. Must watch.
On a trip to Paris, I recently had the same shocked realization that Andrea Stuart describes in her astounding new book, “Sugar in the Blood.” Slaves built this, I thought as I wandered from one grand 18th-century monument to the next. How rarely we acknowledge that Europe’s great cities were built on profits from the labor and blood of slaves cutting sugarcane half a world away.
Stuart, a London-based author of Barbadian ancestry, writes of contemporary England: “Sugar surrounds me here.” The majestic Harewood House in Leeds was built with money from Caribbean sugar plantations, she points out, as was the Codrington Library of All Souls College in Oxford and Bristol’s mansions. The slaves of the West Indies built this wealth while unaware of its existence, or of their own connection to it. Without them, the vast empire that gave the world Victoria and Dickens might never have existed."